Vaccine inequity will defeat global resolve to contain COVID-19: India at UN
The world was confronted with ensuring the availability, accessibility, affordability, and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, India said
India has cautioned that vaccine inequity will defeat the collective global resolve to contain the coronavirus as the disparity in the accessibility of vaccines will affect the poorest nations the most.
Speaking at a United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meeting on ‘Political Declaration on Equitable Global Access to COVID-19 Vaccines’ on Friday, India's Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador K. Nagaraj Naidu said that while the COVID-19 pandemic continues to persist, the year 2021 began on a positive note with the global scientific community coming up with multiple vaccines to contain the pandemic.
“It’s been over a year since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic which upended our lives. While the pandemic continues to persist, 2021 began on a positive note with the global scientific community coming up with multiple vaccines to contain the pandemic. While the vaccine challenge has been resolved, we are now confronted with ensuring the availability, accessibility, affordability, and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines. Lack of global cooperation and disparity in the accessibility of vaccines will affect the poorest nations the most," Naidu said.
India has been at the forefront of the global fight against COVID-19. Naidu told the General Assembly that India will not only be vaccinating 300 million of its own frontline workers over the next six months but in the process has also supplied vaccines to over 70 nations.
"In fact, as of today we have supplied more vaccines globally than have vaccinated our own people," Naidu said.
The Political Declaration states that equitable and affordable access to safe and effective COVID19 vaccines must be ensured to have a speedy recovery and contribute to putting an end to the pandemic.
The declaration also expresses deep concern that despite international agreements and initiatives, the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines is still uneven worldwide, both among and within countries.
“Therefore, we express our deep concern that a considerable number of countries have not yet had access to COVID-19 vaccines, and stress the need for global solidarity and multilateral cooperation to increase vaccine production and distribution, on regional and global levels."
Naidu said that as highlighted by the declaration, equity in access to the vaccine is important for mitigating the impact of the pandemic.
“Vaccine inequity will defeat our collective resolve to contain the virus. The current disparity calls for solidarity and cooperation within the international frameworks such as COVAX," he said.
India also underlined the need to collaborate on genomic surveillance to track virus mutations and variants and exchange information in a timely fashion.
“Vaccine hesitancy should also be countered with science and public health infrastructure and capacities of health workers in vaccine delivery needs to be strengthened globally," he said.
Naidu highlighted the need for the international community to collectively work towards supporting initiatives that ensure speedy and equitable distribution of vaccines and therapeutics to the most disadvantaged populations.
“Affordability, access, and logistical issues should in no way become a hindrance in our fight against one of the biggest challenges facing humanity," he said.
Naidu added that India is working actively with GAVI, the World Health Organisation and ACT Accelerator.
“India and South-Africa have also called for WTO (World Trade Organisation) to suspend intellectual property rights related to COVID-19 for a limited period of time, to ensure rapid scaling-up of manufacturing of vaccines and ensuring accessibility and affordability of vaccines for all," he said.
He also stressed the importance of ensuring that ongoing global immunisation programmes pertaining to polio, diphtheria and other diseases do not get impacted as that will lead to the resurgence of other deadly diseases.